… Virey, Gobernador y Capitan general de esta N.E. Habiendo Ilegado la escasez del Erario al extremo de no poder absolutamente sufrager los crecidoss costos quwe demanda la conservacion y defense de esta preciosa parte de la Monarquia sin embargo de las activas diligencias que para ello he practicado, y medios extraordinarious de que me he validido: … [opening lines for this decree]. Signed in type at the end by Venegas

Dado en el Real Palacio de Mexico a 30 de Enero de 1812. Printed broadside, 23 x 17 1/2 inches [two sheets joined], signed by Venegas [his mark at end of printed name], as Viceroy of New Spain, and by his secretary. Prints 16 articles dealing with financial matters, including taxation in time of war. Sabin 98852. OCLC locates three copies (Pennsylvania, New York Public, National Library of Spain). [With his:] Por quanto en Bando de 30 Enero proximo pasado manifeste al Publico que en la Junta general extraordinaria de 23 de Diciembre anterior convocada con el fin de meditar arbitrios para subvenir a las urgencias del Erario, cubrir el deficient de sus fondo, atendar al defense de esta preciosa parte de la Monarquia, y proporcionar a los prestamistas que ofreciesen sus intereses para tan importantes objetos la comoetente seguidad, … [opening lines for this decree]. Signed in type at the end by Venegas. Dado en el Real Palacio de Mexico a 24 de Febrero de 1812. Printed broadside, 23 x 17 1/2 inches [two sheets joined], signed by Venegas [his mark at end of printed name], as Viceroy of New Spain, and by his secretary. Revised and enlarged printing of the January decree above, still dealing with taxation during the time of war, but now with 27 printed articles. OCLC locates four copies (John Carter Brown, Pennsylvania, Texas A&M, California-San Diego). Both broadsides with old fold lines, stamped paper with arms of Ferdinand VII, dated 1812-1813. Both with several worm holes, but very good. For the two broadsides, Item #68622

Venegas (1754-1838) “was a prominent Spanish military man and viceroy of New Spain, September, 1810 – March, 1813, during the second phase of the Mexican War of Independence … replaced … being accused of having been soft against the Mexican insurgents” (Wikipedia). Two days after Venegas took office, insurgents under Father Miguel Hidalgo began the rebellion, taking a number of cities in the following month, but the royalist troops gained the upper hand and by early 1811 regained all lost territory, defeating the insurgents and executing the leaders. Political disputes over the 1812 Spanish constitution continued the turmoil and Venegas was replaced in 1813, for “arbitrary measures that impeded the pacification of the country … [and] lack of energy in suppressing the rebellion.” The conflict continued for years, until Mexico obtained its independence in 1821.

Price: $1,250.00