… Virey, Gobernador y Capitan general de esta N.E. Habiendo tenido los rebeldes Cura Don Jose Maria Cos y Prebendado Don Francisco Velasco el atrevimiento de dirigir a esta Superiordad y a algunos Cuerpos respetbles, various papeles sediciosos: … [opening lines for this decree]. Signed in type at the end by Venegas. Dado en el Real Palacio de Mexico “7” [in manuscript] de Abril de 1812.

Printed broadside, 17 x 12 ¼ inches, signed by Venegas [his mark at end of printed name], as Viceroy of New Spain, and by his secretary. Calling for the public burning of papers by the rebels Cos and Velasco … as “they are all insurgents and are penetrated by the same criminal feelings as the Cura de Delores (i.e., Father Miguel Hidalgo).” Sabin 98852. OCLC locates two copies (Indiana, John Carter Brown). Old fold lines, stamped paper with arms of Ferdinand VII, dated 1812-1813. Very good. Item #68620

Venegas (1754-1838) “was a prominent Spanish military man and viceroy of New Spain, September, 1810 – March, 1813, during the second phase of the Mexican War of Independence … replaced … being accused of having been soft against the Mexican insurgents” (Wikipedia). Two days after Venegas took office, insurgents under Father Miguel Hidalgo began the rebellion, taking a number of cities in the following month, but the royalist troops gained the upper hand and by early 1811 regained all lost territory, defeating the insurgents and executing the leaders. Political disputes over the 1812 Spanish constitution continued the turmoil and Venegas was replaced in 1813, for “arbitrary measures that impeded the pacification of the country … [and] lack of energy in suppressing the rebellion.” The conflict continued for years, until Mexico obtained its independence in 1821.

Price: $1,500.00