Item #66831 GROUP OF FIVE ITEMS FROM THE EARLY STAGE AND STEAMER LINES OF FLORIDA, 1858, AND 1885 DEVELOPED BY HUBBARD L. HART. L. HART, ubbard.

GROUP OF FIVE ITEMS FROM THE EARLY STAGE AND STEAMER LINES OF FLORIDA, 1858, AND 1885 DEVELOPED BY HUBBARD L. HART.

[various places in Florida: 1858, 1885]. The five items, all partly printed, completed in manuscript, are very good, legible. They include:
1. Way-Bill. Pilatka to Ocala, [Friday, Oct. 29th] 185[8]. Single sheet, 21 x 35 cm. Text in eight columns giving the names of the passengers, number of seats, a record of their baggage, departure and arrival destinations, fare in dollars and cents, and "by whom received." Some smudging, some ink and pencil corrections, docketed on verso. This way-bill lists 17 passengers by name, including Mr. R.J. Adams who was transporting 100 oranges in his baggage.
2. Way-Bill. Pilatka to Ocala, [Sunday Oct. 31st] 185[8]. Text in eight columns giving the names of the passengers, number of seats, a record of their baggage, departure and arrival destinations, fare in dollars and cents, and "by whom received." Some smudging, some ink and pencil corrections, docketed on verso. Ten passengers are listed by name, plus one company, Hart, Mason & Dibble, sending baggage. Included in the list is Adam Eichelberger who was transporting a gin roller from Orange Spring to Ocala, and H.L. Hart himself.
3. Way-Bill. Florida Stage Line. From [Tampa] to [Starke, Friday Nov. 19th] 185[8]. Text in seven columns giving the names of the passengers, number of seats, departure and arrival destinations, fare in dollars and cents, and "by whom received." Some smudging, some ink and pencil corrections, docketed on verso, and including a short note to Hart from D.B.M. [?], of approx. 48 words mentioning the condition of the horses [it appears] and his own travel plans. Five passengers are listed by name. The separate column for baggage is not present but the information is included under the departure column. On this way-bill that includes one carpet bag, one cigar box, and way fare "Negroes from [?]" received by T.N. Mason.
4. ALS, from C.D. Taylor, Sanford, Fla., Dec. 7, 1885, to Col. H.L. Hart, on letterhead of DeBary-Baya and People's Lines of Steamers, E.C. Culpepper, Agent. Single sheet, 28 x 21 cm., approx. 110 words. Old fold lines, docketed on verso. Taylor reports on the arrival of the Astatula at Sanford, which came away without several items, including mattresses for the crew.
5. ALS, from J.H. Smith, Sanford, Fla., Dec. 23, 1885 to Col. H.L. Hart, on letterhead of Rockledge Line, Indian River Steamers, Capt. Joe. H. Smith, Manager. 2 pp., 24 x 15 cm., approx. 165 words. Discussing a potential buyer for his boats "as I do not have much faith in this route when the road is finished and they get boats on Indian River." Item #66831

Hubbard L. Hart was instrumental in the development of tourism in Florida i the 19th century. Hart, a native of Vermont, moved to Florida in 1855 to establish a stage mail line between Palatka and Tampa. In 1858, he established a six horse stage coach line between the towns of Ocala and Pilatka (an early spelling of Palatka). Later, lines were run between Gainesville, Ocala, Brooksville and Tampa. He continued to expand into other forms of transportation, operating steamboats from Palatka via the St. Johns River to the Ocklawaha River and on to Silver Springs which he recognized as an attractive tourist destination. "The boats carried both passengers and freight and brought visitors to Ocala long before the advent of railroads." [see the article "Ocala Prior to 1868" by Eloise Robinson Ott, in the Florida Historical Quarterly of 1927, Vol. 6, No. 2, Art. 5, pp. 101-102; and Steven Noll's article "Steamboats, Cypress, & Tourism: An Ecological History of the Ocklawaha Valley in the Late Nineteenth Century," published in The Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 83, No. 1, Summer 2004, pp. 6-23]. During the Civil War Hart's steamboats carried supplies and contraband for the Confederacy, and he was given the rank of Colonel for his efforts. Following the war his business in the tourist trade grew and flourished and he "dominated trade on the St. Johns and Ocklawaha Rivers," according to his brief biography accompanying a small collection of material at the University of Florida. Hart also had business interests in orange groves and timber and developed an adaptation to the traditional steamboat designed specifically for the narrow, twisting Ocklawaha River.
OCLC lists some of Hart's business papers at the Univ. of Florida and the Univ. of Georgia.

Price: $1,500.00

See all items in Americana
See all items by ,