ESTABLISHING THE RATE OF TOLLS AND NUMBER OF GATES FOR THE CORNWALL & WASHINGTON TURNPIKE COMPANY, IN A MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT, A TRUE COPY OF A RESOLVE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT, OCTOBER 1812.

ESTABLISHING THE RATE OF TOLLS AND NUMBER OF GATES FOR THE CORNWALL & WASHINGTON TURNPIKE COMPANY, IN A MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT, A TRUE COPY OF A RESOLVE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT, OCTOBER 1812.

Single sheet, 32 x 38 cm., 4 pp., framed, between two sheets of glass. Old fold lines, approx. 450 words, examined and signed by Thomas Day, Sec'y., and docketed on the last page. Some short separations and a few small holes at folds, some ink corrections to text, else very good, legible.
"Whereas the General Assembly at their Session in October 1805 established a Turnpike road from Nathaniel Loury's [Lowry?] in Canaan in Litchfield County to a place in the northerly part of Woodbury in sd. county where sd. road intersects the Washington Turnpike road a little north of Samuel Watkins & incorporated a company to put the same in repair by the name of the Cornwall & Washington Turnpike Company & by the resolve establishing sd. road Uriah Holms Pliny Hillyer & George Humphreys Esqr. were appointed a Committee to [view?] sd. road & to report to some future assembly how many gates were necessary on sd. road & the places where they ought to be established & the rate of toll to be collected at sd. gates and whereas sd. Committee have never attended to the business of their sd. appointment & the sd. Uriah Holmes Esqr is since dead." The document goes on to state that when the company shall complete its repairs, it shall be authorized by the Assembly to establish three gates, and to collect tolls as listed here, ie: "each four wheeled pleasure carriage or stage, 25 cents; each person & horse, 4 cents; each chair, chaise or sulky, 12.5 cents..." [etc.] Exceptions were to be made for persons traveling to attend church services or funerals, for soldiers or officers going to or returning from military service, voters going to or returning from towns society or school meetings, farmers going to or returning from mills or other farming business, etc. Item #66634

The Cornwall & Washington Turnpike was incorporated in May 1806 to construct a road per the orders of the General Assembly of Connecticut. According to Frederic James Wood in his book "The Turnpikes of New England and Evolution of the Same Through England, Virginia, and Maryland," [Boston: 1919, p.375], the work was not completed and in October 1812, the corporate officers appeared before the General Assembly and attempted to blame the delays on the Assembly. The company was given leave to continue to complete the road, however, in May 1829, "all of the turnpike between 'Lory's' [sic- Loury's, or Lowry's] gate in Canaan and the south line of Cornwall was made free, and in 1839, the entire charter was revoked."

Price: $375.00

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