Partly printed indenture, completed in manuscript. Single sheet, folded to 33 x 20 cm., 2 leaves. Printer's slug in upper right corner: "Deed -- Sold by T.B. Jansen." Peter L. Davis, "late a [private] in Captain [Hooks] Company of the [Thirty Sixth] Regiment of [Infantry]" sells to Israel Foote of New York, for Five Dollars, his military bounty land of 160 acres located in the South East quarter of Section 26 of Township 2 North in Range 6 West, in Arkansas Territory. This land was granted to Davis "by certain Letters Patent..." under the Acts of Congress, passed on and since the sixth day of May, 1812. The deed is signed "by his attorney" Mary Moncreif, who also signs Davis' name, and witnessed by M. Myers and A. Judah. On the verso of the first leaf is a statement, in ink, by R. Milford Blatchford, Commissioner, stating that Mary Moncrieff [spelled both ways in these documents] was known to him to be the same person who signed the deed. On the recto of the second integral leaf, is a note in manuscript by T.W. Newton, clerk of Pulaski County, Arkansas Territory, that this document was recorded in the appropriate county record books. Docketted on verso by Newton, and dated August 8, 1824.
Tipped onto the recto of the second leaf is a partly printed document, completed in manuscript, Peter L. Davis' warrant on certificate, dated March 20, 1816, appointing his "trusty and beloved Friend [Mary Moncrieff of the City of New York]" his true and lawful attorney to receive money, rent, goods, wares [etc.] as well as "to receive the warrant deed or grant for the land mentioned in the annexed certificate when the same shall be ready to be given out by the agent of the United States government...." This document is signed with Davis' mark. Single sheet, 32 x 19.5 cm. Printer's slug in upper right corner: "Sold by B. Crane, No. 85 Cherry, corner of James St.," with the form name, "Power of Attorney" printed in the upper right corner. On the verso of this certificate, in manuscript, is the testimony of T.W. Newton, clerk of Pulaski County, Arkansas Territory, that this document was also recorded in the appropriate county record books. Item #66150
Peter Davis served as a private in Capt. [Joseph?] Hook's 36th Regiment during the War of 1812. As a veteran, he was entitled to bounty lands as part of the cash-poor United States government's method of compensating soldiers for their service. A portion of Arkansas Territory was surveyed for this purpose and land suitable for cultivation was distributed. The new owners were responsible for paying taxes on the land. According to the Encyclopedia of Arkansas' online history of military land grants: "As most of the veterans were not residents of Arkansas and never claimed their land, land speculators purchased large amounts of bounty land at the tax sales and later sold it at a profit." Other land speculators reviewed the list of veterans, tracked them down, and attempted to purchase the lands at reduced prices. Likely this deed from Davis, through his intermediary Mary Moncreif, was one of those.