COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, June Term 1811. Ross County. A. true bill STATE OF OHIO vs. Hiram McLaughlin, Foreman, Thos White, on verso.

COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, June Term 1811. Ross County.

One page manuscript document. 32.5 x 19.5 cm. Old fold lines with some browning along folds, small tear and rumpling at one corner, ink moderately faded. This document records that the grand jurors of Ohio on the fifth of May, 1811, found that "Hiram McLaughlin of Ross County... with force and arms at Union Township... in and upon one Robert Brandon (a black man)... did unlawfully make assault... strike, beat, wound and ill treat; to the great damage of the said Robert Brandon...." This statement is signed by R. Douglas Prosky, Atty. for Ross County, and witnessed by John Armstrong and James Earl. On the back is noted that McLaughlin pleaded guilty and was fined $1.00 and costs. Clerk's fees were noted at 88 cents. In 1803 Ohio became the first state carved out of the Northwest Territory where the ownership of slaves was not permitted. Although officially a non-slave state, Ohioans were divided on slavery and racist attitudes were not uncommon, as shown by the Ohio legislature of 1804 in the passage of laws that prohibited blacks from serving on juries and testifying against whites in court cases. It also mandated that no Negro or mulatto will be allowed to settle in the state without a certificate of freedom, and that blacks already living there must register and pay a registration fee of 12 1/2 cents. Whites were forbidden to employ a Negro unless he had a certificate of freedom. Later in 1807, Ohio passed a law requiring all Negroes to post a $500 bond, severely limiting black migration to the new state, although very few attempts were made to enforce it. The population of blacks in Ohio in 1810 was under two thousand. The last of the Ohio black laws were repealed in 1849. Item #65717

Price: $300.00