TESTIFYING THAT A "NEGO WOMAN BY THE NAME OF SARAH, THE PROPERTY OF MOSES PHILLIPS DECD WAS AMONG THE INDIANS IN THIS COUNTRY THAT THIS [JOHN PHILLIPS] was Several times in this country in search of said Negro woman as he then informed me," as recorded in a manuscript deposition (by Nathaniel Pinckard, Justice of the Peace for Springfield Township, Ohio) and signed by Simon Kenton, Nov. 30, 1812.

Urbana, OH: 1812. Folio manuscript document, one-page, approximately 250 words, a deposition to be "red in evidence in a suit ... in Mason County, Kentucky," apparently over ownership of property, including the "Negro woman," John Phillips as plaintiff, the descendants of Moses Phillips as defendant. Pinckard, as a justice of the peace, signed a 2-line statement verifying the deposition and the local clerk of court William Waran signed a statement certifying that Pinckard was, indeed, a justice of the peace. This document is accompanied by eight other manuscript documents (one partly printed), 1783-1810, all involving Kenton (but none signed by him) and various land deals, disputes, and financial arrangements in Kentucky, including an indenture (1783), a receipt (1789), a meeting concerning a road to run through Kenton's property in Mason County (1789; signed by 13 citizens of the county), a promissory note (1790), a running account (1795), a personal bond (1804), a note from Kenton to Henry Clay (text and signature in another hand) directing an appearance to take depositions (1805; signed by Clay on verso, acknowledging the note), and an indenture for the sale of land to Kenton (1810; partly printed). Kenton manuscript material seems to be relatively scarce in trade, with only signed documents recorded on ABPC, the last two in 1999, a property survey in the Siebert sale ($2300) and a deposition such as the one offered here, but without the African-American association ($490). The signed document in very good condition, the others variously browned or soiled, but likewise very good. All folded. Item #64906

Kenton, a native of Prince William or Fauquier County, Virginia, left home as a teenager, heading west to Kentucky, serving there as a scout in Dunmore's War (1774), saving Daniel Boone's life in 1777, and joining the American frontier war experience during the Revolution, including some service as a scout with George Rogers Clark. Acquiring land in Mason County, Kentucky, in 1785, he lived there in relative prosperity, with service in the 1793-94 Indian campaigns of Anthony Wayne, until settling in Ohio in 1799. He served with a Kentucky regiment in the War of 1812, taking part in the battle of the Thames. "Owning to defective titles to some of his land, improvidence, and open-handed generosity, his later years were spent in poverty, relieved by a government pension" (DAB) (11178).

Price: $4,500.00