REPUBBLICAN & YEOMAN / EXTRA / Windsor, [Vt.], November 215, 1818. / Agreeable to an intimation in / our paper of Monday last, / we have now the pleasure of pre- / senting our readers the PRES- / IDENT'S Message. It / will be found very interesting. / ... MESSAGE. / [followed by the text of the message printed in five columns, separated by thin bold rules]. Signed in type at the end: "James Monroe / November 17, 1818."

Windsor (VT): Vermont Republican & Yeoman, November 25, 1818. Monroe's second State of the Union address. Printed broadside, 20 x 12 inches, the title printed above the first column of the message's text, with no other news or advertisements. A rare printing, in fine original state, from the American provincial press, of Monroe's second annual address delivered before Congress on November 17, 1818, one of much more than ordinary interest. The first three columns are devoted, almost in their entirety, and in great detail, to conflict with Spain in Spanish Florida, where "Adventurers from every country, fugitives from justice, and absconded slaves have found an asylum." In addition to discussing the threats to American citizens posed by the Seminole Indians, encouraged by Spain, Monroe defends American action in the taking of Amelia Island off the coast of northeastern Florida, which the pirate Louis Aury had seized on behalf of the Republic of Mexico. Another full column is given to the American position vis-a-vis Spain and the Latin American Wars of Independence. A half-column is devoted to affairs with Indian tribes in Michigan and Illinois Territories, in Ohio, and further west: "With a view to the security of our inland frontiers, it has been thought expedient to establish strong posts at the mouth of the Yellowstone River, and at the Mandan village on the Missouri, and the mouth of St. Peters on the Mississippi." Monroe goes on to articulate the fundamentals of future American Indian policy. "Experience has clearly demonstrated that independent savage communities cannot long exist within the limits of a civilized population ... to civilize them, and even to prevent their extinction, it seems to be indispensable that their independence as communities should cease, and that the control of the United States over them should be complete and undisputed." This extra dates from the first year of publication of the "Vermont Republican & Yeoman" (1818-1829). We could find no listing for this separate broadside, but it appears that the American Antiquarian Society has a copy. This printing is not in Servies, but cf. Vol. I, 953, for a separate communication on the Seminole War, sent to Congress on March 25, 1818. Neither American Imprints nor OCLC record this broadside; OCLC does locate several pamphlet printings and one copy (Library of Virginia) of a broadside printing from the National Intelligencer in Washington. Paper flaw resulting in a small hole touching several letters in one column, else fine. Untrimmed broadside, as issued. (11138). Item #64900

Price: $2,750.00