Territory of the 1863 and 1864 Union Army campaigns toward Chattanooga, Tennessee, and Atlanta, Georgia, as seen in a series of five lithograph maps, more fully described below, printed on a field press.

Stevenson, AL and various places in Georgia: 1863-1864. All folded, several with splits at folds or some browning (defects described individually below). Still a very good lot of rare field-printed Army reconnaissance maps for Southern Appalachian campaigns. Item #63087

(1) [Tennessee] [Area around Harrison and Dallas, Tennessee, northeast of Chattanooga: supplied title]. Compiled from best information, under the direction of Capt. W. E. Merrill, Corps of Engineers. Lith. at Head Qs., Stevenson, Ala., August 27, 1863. Lithograph map on paper. Stephenson 426: "Shows topography by hachures, drainage, roads, distances, railroads, ferries, fords, dwellings with names of inhabitants, and miscellaneous reconnaissance information." Not described separately on OCLC; Huntington Library appears to have a copy in its small collection of similar maps that had belonged to Gen. S.B. Buckner. (2) [Alabama] [Map of Stevenson, Alabama, and vicinity: supplied title]. Compiled from information, under the direction of Capt. Wm. E. Merrill, Chief Engineer, Army of the Cumberland. In camp near Stevenson, Ala. Lith. August 29th 1863. Lithograph map on paper with railroad line hand-colored. Stephenson 112.5: "Military reconnaissance map lithographed at field headquarters showing roads, railroads, rivers, fords, relief by hachures, and the name of some residents." Lower fold with old staining and a chip at corner fold. OCLC locates one copy (Clements). (3) [Georgia] Part of Northern Georgia. No. 2. Compiled under the direction of Capt. Wm. E. Merrill, Chief Top'l Eng'r. Lithographed Head-Quarters, Dep't. of the Cumberland, [1864]. Lithograph map on linen. Stephenson 129.74: "Sheet "no. 2" of 3 sheets printed on cloth for the use of cavalry officers during Gen. W.T. Sherman's Atlanta campaign. This sheet extends from Rome on the north to Franklin on the south and indicates towns and villages, roads, railroads, drainage, and some relief by hachures. Troop positions and movements are not indicated." OCLC locates four copies (New York Public, Library of Congress, Penn State, Wisconsin-Milwaukee). (4) [Alabama] Bridgeport and Vicinity. Surveyed under the direction of Capt. W.E. Merrill, U.S. Eng., by Capt. A. Ligowsky, act. Topl. Engr., 11th A Corps ("Autogr. draw. by H. Gulden"), March 26th 1864. Lithograph map on paper. Indicates roads and railroads, names of some residents, locating their homes, relief in hachure, all along the Tennessee River. Not in Stephenson. Apparently not located on OCLC. Long separation at horizontal fold. (5) [Georgia] Map of 1st. Distrt. Campbell Co., Georgia, South of the Cherokee Boundy. Line. Compiled under the direction of Capt. W.E. Merrill, Chief Topl. Engr., by Sergt. Finegan, from the notes of a captured Rebel Engineer & State map (south of the Chattahoochee Riv.). Autographed & printed in the field. Chattanooga, May 23d. 1864. Lithograph map on linen. Relief shown by hachures, "shows local topography and roads, identifies names of prominent house owners" (OCLC). Not in Stephenson. OCLC locates four copies (Clements, Wisconsin-Milwaukee, New York Public, Library of Congress). Some browning along folds. William E. Merrill (1837-1891; American soldier and military engineer), a native of Wisconsin, graduated first in his class at West Point in 1859, and served as an instructor in engineering there until mid-1861, when the Civil War called him to active duty. He served as an engineer in the Army of the Potomac until July, 1864 when he was promoted to colonel was appointed chief of engineers in the Army of the Cumberland, chief engineer on Sherman's staff in the 1864 Atlanta and 1865 Carolinas campaigns. "The topographical Department of the Army of the Cumberland, under the direction of Col. William E. Merrill, was chiefly responsible for providing the maps necessary for the Atlanta Campaign ... the army was so far from Washington that it had to have a complete map establishment of its own. Accordingly, the office of the chief topographical engineer contained a printing press, two lithographic presses, one photographic establishment, arrangements for map-mounting, and a full corps of draughtsmen and assistants" (Library of Congress "Civil War Maps"). We have been unable to ascertain the reason Merrill is referred to as “Capt.” on the various maps. Following the war, Merrill continued his army career as an engineer in various western postings.  (9845).

Price: $16,500.00

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