(1898-1899). Twenty-three original black & white photos, varying in size from 9 x 11 in. to 3.5 x 4.5 in., all mounted on stiff card stock. Two or three of the images are faded, but overall the photos are clear. The group includes both military actions during the Philippine American War, and period views of Manila and Mindanao, etc.
Among the 23 images are seven numbered photos, 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 in., plus one more, taken by Perley Fremont Rockett, the official photographer of the Twentieth Kansas. Several of these also have his copyright stamp. Two others are the work of John R. Hodson, a San Francisco photographer, taken during the time the Kansas men were stationed at the Presidio. The photographers for the remainder of the collection are unidentified. Five show groups of soldiers in camp and in transit from Kansas to San Francisco, one shows an officer's quarters in the Philippines, a Philippine flag (designed by Aguinaldo) hanging on the wall.
A group of seven of the larger images, albumen photos mounted on 10 x 13 in. stiff card stock (card stock margins foxed or chipped) depict street or village scenes in the Philippines. Four of the seven have contemporary ink captions on the versos, supplied by E.C. Little when he sent them home to his parents. One of the most striking of these images is that of the leader of the Philippine insurgency, Emilio Aguinaldo and and his inner cabinet, idenitified by Little as having been taken before the group departed for Hong Kong. Col. Funston, commander of the Twentieth Kansas was later credited, amidst controversy, with the capture of Aguinaldo. Item #61749
The Perley Fremont Rockett photos are captioned in pencil on the dark mounting boards and are difficult to read. Several appear in his published history of the war entitled "Our Boys in the Philippines: A Pictorial History of the War, and General Views of the Philippines, the Natives, Industries, Habits, Etc.," [San Francisco: 1899], with slightly different captions. The group included here are: (1). "Co. M [Kansas?] [Under fire] in mud and water," a combat photo taken outside Caloocan; (2) "At Tulijan River..." showing enemy dead; (3) "Kansas crossing Tulijan River," a line of soldiers wading across the river; (4) "Spanish Gun Boat Reina Christina," badly damaged in the Battle of Manila Bay; (5) "Kansas before Caloocan," troops in position, dug in at the front line camp; (6) "Burning of Manila, Tondo District," a midnight photo of a village in flames; (7) "Spanish Method of Executing Filipino Prisoners," demostrating the use of the garrote; (8) [caption on verso] "Blockhouse No. 2: block house we went to the next night [a]fter we landed here and dug trenches all night." [Though not specifically identified, this photo is similar to one in Rockett's published history.]
The two photos identified on their mats with the blindstamp of "Hodson, 416 Geary St., San Francisco, Cal." are: (1) S.S. Indiana Backing out with 20th Kansas for Manila," showing the ship loaded with soldiers of the 20th Kansas, clinging to the rigging, standing on the lifeboats, leaning on the rails; (2) "Company M, 20th Kansas," a troop photo probably taken at the Presidio.
Four of the seven larger albumen photos are annotated with E.C. Little's caption titles: (1) "Aguinaldo & friends- Before Trip to Hong Kong- Palace of Captain General- Manila- Jany. 10, 1899 [sic-1898]- compliments of [E.C. Little (scratched out)] to Father." This is a group photo of some 36 men posed in a rural setting. Three of the people in the photo are identified by brief ink notes in the lower margin: "Ag" [Aguinaldo]; "Cousin" [presumably Baldomero Aguinaldo, Sec. of Treasury]; and "Montenegro" [Antonio Montenegro, Sec. of Foreign Affairs] [Little was mistaken in his caption, as this photo was actually taken in early 1898, likely while Aguinaldo and his fellow revolutionaries were in exile in Hong Kong]. (2) "Escolta- Principal Business Street of Manila (Binando) Before Americans came- Palace Captain General Manila. Jany. 10, 1899. E.C. Little to Father." A street scene, filled with people, horse-drawn carriages and street cars; a large sign on one building reads 'Centro Artistico N. 9'. (3) "On Mindanao Island. Rio Malico, near Surigao." E.C. Little to Mother. A river scene, with Filipinos in a canoe, and two others standing on the bank holding horses. (4) "Luneta Drive. To Mother from E.C. Little." A wide boulevard, flanked by street lamps. (5 & 6) two more river scenes, likely also along the Rio Malico, a boat, Filipinos, and native thatched roof housing. (7) a Philippine family compound, or small village, fenced, horse drawn carriage and a man with a yoke across his shoulders in the foreground.
E.C. Little (1858-1924) was born in Ohio, but moved to Kansas as a child. He attended the University of Kansas in Lawrence and later practiced law. He was chairman of the Republican National Convention in 1892, and served as Consul General to Egypt in 1892-3, under Pres. Benjamin Harrison. Upon his return Little became private secretary to Gov. John W. Leedy of Kansas, a post he resigned to take a commission as Lt. Col. with the 20th Kansas during the Spanish American War. The 20th Kansas saw service in the Philippines from Dec. 1898 to Sept. 1899. Little went on to serve as a Representative from Kansas to the U.S. Congress from 1917 until his death. [see: "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress"]. The collection of photos is said to have been bought at his estate sale in the 1970's though there is no written documentation.