[Raleigh, NC?]: np, 1898. First edition (?). Broadsheet printed on both sides, 17 x 11 inches, caption headlines printed in various sizes of bold capitals. This broadside was issued in the wake of one of a series of Democratic Party rallies held across the state during the election of 1898, reporting that the Goldsboro gathering adopted eight resolutions, all aimed at returning political power to "honest, capable white men." Simmons's letter to Pritchard, on the verso, prints 29 questions for the senator, each asking for a denial of a point contradicting Pritchard's public position denying "that there is in any part of North Carolina negro rule or domination" (e.g., "Do you deny that the Republican Party has this year nominated in various counties in the East negroes for register of deeds, treasurers, coroners, constables, county commissioners, and magistrates?"). Not in Thornton or any African-American reference or bibliography consulted. Apparently not located on OCLC, but Duke has a copy in its Broadsides and Ephemera Collection. Poor quality paper now browned, but very good. Folded, now in a simple double-sided mat. (8694). Item #61650
This broadsheet presents a manifesto of white supremacy, timed at a deciding moment in North Carolina state politics, that would adversely affect African-American voting rights and office holding, and race relations in general, for much of the 20th century. "The election of 1898 marked a turning point in the history of North Carolina. In the years leading up to the election there were three active political parties vying for the support of the state's electorate, and African Americans had a significant role in state politics, both as officeholders and voters. After 1898, that would all change … in 1894 and 1896, "fusion" candidates (Republicans and Populists) defeated the Democrats throughout the state … Populist Marion Butler and Republican Jeter Pritchard were elected to the U.S. Senate … [party chairman] Furnifold Simmons [organized the 1898 Democratic Party campaign] on a single issue: white supremacy … [and] increasingly resorted to threats of violence … November 8, 1898, the Democrats were returned to power. They won a majority of the seats in the legislature and quickly began to work on legislation that would effectively disfranchise African American voters for decades to come" (North Carolina Collection online). Two days after the election a coup (cf. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilmington_insurrection_of_1898), engineered by various white supremacy groups and based on intimidation and violence, removed the just elected bi-racial local government in Wilmington, installing their adherents in its stead, burning the office of the state's only African-American newspaper, and killing dozens of African-American citizens, thus punctuating the state's new direction, a return to Jim Crow and segregation that would last into the 1960s, with vestiges yet to be remedied.