DISCUSSING TARIFF ISSUES AND THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS, IN A MANUSCRIPT LETTER TO CONGRESSMAN A.R. McILVAIN, DATED DEC. 14, 1844 , from West Chester, Pennsylvania, to Congressman A.R. McIlvain in Washington, D.C.

West Chester, PA: 1844. 4to. 3-pages (fourth page employed as an address leaf), approximately 500 words, in part: "But the most fearful question likely to come before you is that of the annexation of Texas. The tariff may be destroyed for a time, and in consequence thereof the country suffer extremely for a season. The country may be seriously impaired by vicious legislation, and the business of the nation sadly damaged on that account. The proceeds of the sales of our public lands may be withheld from the states for years to come, and the indebted states may still govern under a heavy load, which those proceeds would measurably relieve. Yet all these events may be remedied whenever the people shall be brought to their proper senses, but how if Texas shall be annexed will you remedy the tremendous ills that will, as I think, assuredly follow the consummation of this wild and wicked project? It cannot be done. The deed cannot be settled. You could as easily bring the dead to life, or by your bidding clothe with vitality matter wholly inanimate. Most fervently do I pray, that we may be saved from this moral and political contamination." Earlier, James expressed relief that the "odious" 25 rule has been abolished in the House, "[Mr. Adams's] success, by so large a majority was not likely to be defeated by another Charles J. Ingersoll maneuver" [referring to the rescinding of the "gag rule" which had allowed anti-slavery petitions to be tabled without being heard on the floor of the House] and that the Tariff would not be disturbed during the current session, worrying that it might not be left alone during the Polk administration, "the Democracy of the South headed by the nation of South Carolina, will call on the leaders of the Democracy of the North to fulfill their paternal obligations long since entered into to put down a protective tariff." James, a Whig, was replaced as congressman for his Pennsylvania district by the Democrat Ingersoll (who served 1843-1849); McIlvain, also from Pennsylvania, was a Whig and friend of James's, serving in Congress, 1843-1849. Very good. Folded for mailing. (#7641). Item #59803

Price: $300.00

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