[New Orleans, LA? nd (ca.1862). First edition, the Philip D. Sang copy. Printed broadside, 13 x 9 1/4 inches, employing several sizes and styles of type including larger display types. One of the great Civil War broadsides, and the only recorded copy. This printing is the bold Confederate response to Butler's general order attempting to restrict the behavior of the ladies of New Orleans, calling on the men of the South to uphold the honor of southern womanhood. Parrish & Willingham 1049 (Philip D. Sang Sale, Sotheby’s sale 5301, lot 3, 27 March 1985, this copy: $2420). Not in Jumonville's Bibliography of New Orleans Imprints, 1764-1864." Not in Hummel. As far as we have been able to determine, this is the only original extant copy; all entries listed on OCLC are for microform copies. Paper browned, worn at folds, with some small separations and repairs, a few small stains in bottom margin. Glazed and framed. (7241). Item #59718
The unknown, clearly Confederate, printer of this broadside has re-printed Butler's order no. 28, known infamously as the "Woman's Order," on the lower half of this broadside. He has, however, carefully revised the title of Butler's assistant adjutant general from "Chief of Staff" to "Chief of Stables." Major-General Benjamin Butler and Admiral David Farragut captured the city of New Orleans at the end of April 1862. Butler set about establishing martial law in the city, ordering the confiscation of firearms, the banning of flags other than the Stars & Stripes, restricting certain newspaper publications, forbidding public assemblies, etc. Though he allowed the municipal government to continue to manage day-to-day affairs, and his occupation allowed for a more regular flow of food and goods into the hungry city, he and his troops were not welcomed by the conquered population. The ladies of New Orleans protested in ways they could, picking up their skirts and turning their backs as though to avoid something foul and dirty whenever they saw a soldier, promptly leaving streetcars if troopers boarded, and occasionally emptying chamber pots onto the heads of unsuspecting officers walking under their balconies. Butler's patience stretched thin, he issued his "General Order No. 28" on May 15, 1862, the line "a woman of the town" implying the ladies could be viewed as prostitutes. As historian Chester Hearn noted in his book When the Devil Came Down to Dixie: Ben Butler in New Orleans (LSU Press, 2000): “Word of the order hit the streets of New Orleans like a giant keg of gunpowder. The explosion thundered across the South, where nothing was more sacred than the honor of a woman." The southern response included Confederate Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard's own General Order 44, in which he reprinted Butler's order and added his own call to defense: “Arouse friends, and drive back from our soil, those infamous invaders of our homes and disturbers of our family ties.” Butler's missteps with the population of New Orleans led to his removal as military administrator and to his recall to Washington in December 1862.